Aleksander Genowefa

Genowefa Aleksander was born on November 10, 1932, near Brest on the Bug. When the war broke out she was seven years old. After the war, the whole family first moved to Podlasie, and in 1947 they came to the western lands to eventually live near Bolesławiec. Genowefa Aleksander went to a boarding school in […]

Bartczak Zofia

Zofia Bartczak was born in 1940. Daughter of the last commander of the National Armed Forces, murdered in the 40s by the communists in the Warsaw prison in Mokotów. Stanisław Kasznica was born on July 25, 1908 in Lviv in an intelligentsia family. He graduated from law studies at the University of Poznań. While still […]

Bielski Zdzisław

Major Zdzisław Bielski was born on June 6, 1925. His father fought on the Polish side in the war against the Bolsheviks in 1920. A mother by profession was a teacher. Mr. Zdzisław was a soldier of the Home Army. He participated in the “Burza” campaign, including the operation “Ostra Brama”. After disarming by the […]

Bilnik Wanda

Wanda Bilnik – born in 1938 in Starachowice, her father belonged to the Home Army, he died on the day of the liberation of Europe on May 3, 1945 on a ship in the Bay of Lubeck. Mrs. Wanda’s mother during the war and after her war assisted the guerrillas hiding them, or providing wounds. […]

Dutkiewicz Maria

Maria Dutkiewicz – deported to Siberia from Grodno with her family on April 13, 1940. After signing the agreement, Sikorski-Majski evacuated with the army through Persia (today Iran) and Iraq to Palestine. She recalls that in Uzbekistan she and her relatives camped near the camp fence, where there were Polish soldiers who shared their food […]

Hnatów Władysław

Władysław Hnatów was born on April 8, 1915 in East Prussia. On March 23, 1920, he returned with his family to his homeland to the Lviv region, where his parents came from. Shortly after their move to the Lwów area, a Polish-Bolshevik war arrived. Many towns, villages and farms were burnt then, including the family […]

Kiałka Wanda

Wanda Kiałka, née Cejkówna, grew up in Vilnius’s Zarzecze in a working-class family. During the war, she joined the conspiracy. Initially, she served as a liaison officer, later a nurse. She participated in the operation “Ostra Brama”. Together with the branch disarmed by the Soviets, it was closed in the camp at Miedniki Królewskie. After […]

Kostecki Feliks

Feliks Kostecki – was born on January 1, 1925 in Zabłocie, on the border of Polesie and Wołyń. His father was in Legions, after 1918 he started to work as a bookkeeper in sawmills. In 1925, before Christmas, he went on sawmills paying money to employees and the trace of him was lost. Before the […]

Kotlarz Jan

Jan Kotlarz grew up in the Kielce region. As a teenager, after the end of World War II, he became involved in patriotic activities in a youth organization called the “Young Polish Army”. In 1949, at the age of eighteen, he was arrested and, along with the entire exposé organization, he was arrested in Sandomierz. […]

Lipczyński Tytus

Tytus Lipczyński – born around 1924 in Brest on the Bug. Father Tytus’ father worked on the railways. In September 1939, Mr. Tytus witnessed the German-Soviet parade. During this event he joined the conspiracy. Then he started his activity in AK. He was largely responsible for sabotage actions. He was detained by the Soviets. When […]

Malawski Piotr

Piotr Malawski was born on June 27, 1969 in Wrocław. Independence dissident, activist of the Federation of Fighting Youth and Fighting Solidarity. Knight of the Golden Cross of Merit (2012) From 1982 – still as a student of elementary school – he took part in street demonstrations and fights with ZOMO. From 1983, he dealt […]

Morawiecki Kornel

Kornel Morawiecki, legendary leader and founder of Fighting Solidarity, Polish politician, oppositionist in the 1980s. He defended his doctorate in physics, he was an academic teacher and researcher at the Wroclaw University of Technology. During the conversation he became known as a man who embraces each aspect in a broader context political, economic and social. […]

Murias Sabina

Sabina Murias – was born on October 24, 1924 in Licheń, because the father of Mrs. Sabina was an organist. Every few years he was transferred to various parishes. Before the war, he and his whole family settled in Grabno, 30 km from Wieluń. On September 1, 1939, as a result of the German bombing, […]

Olechnowicz Krzysztof

Krzysztof Olechnowicz – son of Antoni Olechnowicz ps. Pohorecki, the last commander of the Vilnius District of the Home Army. He was born on February 17, 1940 in Vilnius. Mr. Krzysztof practically does not remember his father. He is unable to determine to what extent the preserved memories are his own, and how much is […]

Oleksiewicz Józef

Józef Oleksiewicz was born on March 15, 1929 in Grybów near Nowy Sącz. When World War II broke out, he was 10 years old. His parents and older siblings were involved in the fight against the German occupant, and when fourteen-year-old Józef accidentally discovered a hidden weapon in the barn, he was engaged in underground […]

Roczniak Zdzisław

Zdzisław Roczniak came to Lower Silesia as a child – his parents moved to Głuszyca near Wałbrzych. Teenage Zdzisław got involved in a secret youth organization called the Union of Polish Patriots. Its members – schoolchildren – dealt with the distribution of leaflets, small sabotage (for example, the destruction of Stalin’s portraits at school), tried […]

Rutkowski Marian

Professor Marian Rutkowski was born on December 25, 1923 in Kielce. After his father’s untimely death in 1930, he was raised – with his siblings – by his mother. From childhood, he was associated with the scouting (a group of “Lviv”, part of the 16th Kielce Harcers’ Team) and the Salesian Oratory. When the Second […]

Siejka Stefan

Stefan Siejka – he was born in Rytwiany near Sandomierz. He recollects childhood very well, as time spent in a family atmosphere. Stefan belonged to the scouts, he led the team in Rytwiany. 30 people from his milieu swore an oath and formed the organization of the Young Polish Army. The organization aimed to store […]

Wołczaski Stanisław

Stanisław Wołczaski was born on 13 May 1930 in Brest. At the outbreak of the Warsaw Uprising, he was only fourteen years old, yet he took an active part in it. Already on August 2 he became a distributor of the insurgent press – he was responsible for its distribution in the Śródmieście Północ district. […]

Ziębikiewicz Marta

Marta Ziębikiewicz née Łukasiuk – comes from Podlasie, where she lived until 1947. Then, together with her mother – Jadwiga, she fled to Wroclaw because of frequent revisions and checks. Mrs. Marty’s brothers stayed there because they were still in school. There was a suspicion that Mrs. Marta or her brothers would be kidnapped to […]